This course covers histories of picture-making (painterly, chemical, mechanical, digital) by outlining the evolution of formats and frames (rectangular and circular, central and peripheral, isolated and combined). The contemporary image (multi-megapixel, lossy-compressed, algorithmically categorised) is described as a product of these histories.

Bi-weekly meetings include lectures, seminars and short workshop exercises applying strategies for using images: as singular artefacts, as instruments (of research, analysis, comparison) and in combination (through layout, in relation to format, page, screen).